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Newfoundland and Labrador

"When Vikings from Greenland wintered in Newfoundland about the year 1000, they called it Vinland (Wineland) the Good. Although the site of the first known European settlement on the North American mainland was at Labrador, Canada's easternmost province was the last to join the dominion. In 1949 the coast of Labrador and the adjacent island of Newfoundland became the tenth Canadian province. Initially named Newfoundland, the provincial name was officially changed in 2001 to Newfoundland and Labrador. The provincial capital is St. John's, which is located on Newfoundland island."

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History & Culture

  • Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador
  • As Near to Heaven by Sea: A History of Newfoundland and Labrador
    MAJOR, Kevin As Near to Heaven by Sea: A History of Newfoundland and Labrador Penguin Books of Canada, 2001. 492p. Illus. Gr. 7 up. 0-670-88290-9. Hdbk. $36.00 more
  • A Far Country Newfoundland Diary
    "DO YOU see that flag over there?" asks Mark Dobbin, a venture capitalist, pointing out his office window at a rocky hilltop at least a kilometre away across St John's harbour. I follow his finger to the giant tricolour fluttering in the... more
  • Newfoundland
    Canadian province on the Atlantic Ocean, the country's most easterly administrative region, comprising the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador, separated by the Strait of Belle Isle; area 405,700 sq km/156,600 sq mi;... more
  • Newfoundland's Twin Celebrations
    An Italian citizen, Cabot obtained a petition from Henry VII of England for a voyage of discovery. hoping that lie would find spices and jewels. Instead he found fish. Portuguese, French and English mariners followed him to Newfoundland... more
  • A province's new name. (Newfoundland Premier Brian Tobin vows to havethe province's name changed to Newfoundland and Labrador)(Brief Arti cle)
    In his government's inaugural throne speech, Newfoundland Premier Brian Tobin promised to introduce a constitutional amendment to rename the province Newfoundland and Labrador "to reflect the reality that it is made up of two equally... more
  • Resettlement in Newfoundland: Again
    Newfoundland was settled because of the abundance of fish in nearby waters. The relatively shallow and cold waters were ideally suited for fish propagation. Europeans have been interested in the Grand Banks since Cabot discovered the... more

Native Peoples

  • Pouch
  • Beothuk Doll
  • Canadian Aboriginal Art and Culture Series
    Cree: Banting presents the rich history of the Cree, a First Nations group that lived throughout Quebec. Today, they live on reserves throughout Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba. The early Europeans relied on the Cree for information on... more
  • Honouring a lost culture
    The Beothuk people disappeared from history on June 6, 1829, the day Shanawdithit, the last known surviving Beothuk, died in St. John's. She had been captured in a misdirected and failed effort by Newfoundland governors to preserve the... more
  • Identifying the needs of Innu and Inuit patients in urban health settings in Newfoundland and Labrador
    ABSTRACT HEADNOTE Background: Labrador's Innu and Inuit live in nine small, isolated villages, and must travel to the urban centres of Goose Bay, Labrador and/or St. John's, Newfoundland for most health services. This study responds to... more
  • Micmac
    The Micmac lived north of present-day Maine, occupying Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton Island, and parts of New Brunswick, all in Canada. They were the northernmost tribe of the Algonquian-speaking Indians. The name... more
  • The Vanished Beothuk
    A History and Ethnography of the Beothuk. McGill-Queen's U P $45.oo more

Geography & Nature

  • The last passage [Ship sailing down coast of Labrador to be replaced with highway]
    Every year between July and October, the supply ferry, MV Northern Ranger, makes a fortnightly run down the coast of Labrador. This summer may be its last. A 355-kilometre highway linking Red Bay on the Strait of Belle Isle to Cartwright on... more
  • Newfoundland & Labrador. (Special Advertising Supplement: The Vacation Guide to Canada; Atlantic Edition)
    This is the place where migrating whales and melting icebergs cross paths. Where tour boat operators will take you up close from dozens of ports that dot 17,000 km of stunning coastline. Take a cruise up 'Iceberg Alley' along the Labrador... more
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • North Atlantic Nirvana
    WOULD YOU ENJOY RVING IN A LAND OF SPARKLING icebergs, towering fjords, picturesque lakes, crystal-clear seas, dramatic headlands, breathtaking mountains, pristine forests, whales, moose, caribou and puffins? Want to be welcomed by... more
  • Rock Rights
    WHEN Irish and English immigrants first arrived in Newfoundland, they found a place teeming with fish and wildlife. Legends are told, for example, of sailors dropping buckets down from their ships and hauling them back up full of fish.... more
    WHALES MIGRATE NORTH AS BERGS DRIFT south, their paths crossing beneath the gaze of millions of seabirds. Sometimes you can see all three at once, either from shore or from a tour boat. If you're lucky. Ever smelled the air from a... more

Dig Deeper

  • Newfoundland
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Inuits 1914
  • Newfoundland and Labrador at the crossroads: Reform or lack of reform in a new era?
    In the 21st century there is great pressure to renew old ideas, processes and structures based on the needs of a global, knowledge-based economy. However, reformers appear to have underestimated the ability of the old system of... more
  • Master of his own destiny; Danny Williams is still as salty as ever, and he isn't going away anytime soon
    He ordered a stack of saucer-sized onion rings as the appetizer. Then the heavily-battered fish arrived surrounded by a major heap of fries. There was not even a sprig of parsley to suggest Danny Williams has ever heard of the Canada Food... more
  • Inuit bones coming home to Labrador; Chicago museum agrees to repatriation
    A U.S. museum, slammed by a Canadian Inuit leader for the "disgraceful" actions of one of its researchers more than 80 years ago, has agreed to repatriate the remains of 22 Inuit individuals exhumed from marked graves at a Christian... more