Current Research in Nutrition

Prevalence of Night Eating syndrome in select metro Detroit populations
Sandia M. Waller, 2008
Night Eating may constitute a significant proportion of total daily energy intake and contribute to weight management problems for some individuals. Three studies were conducted to study night eati...
The effects of vitamin D on insulin sensitivity
Eugene Chang, 2008
Higher vitamin D status is associated with reduced incidence of insulin resistance and diabetes, but the mechanism has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of vi...
Molecular regulation of breast cancer susceptibility by dietary factors
Ying Su, 2008
Nutrition is a highly modifiable risk factor for several types of cancer. The role of diets and dietary components in the prevention of breast cancer is well acknowledged, yet little is known about...
Developmental and demographic differences in youth self-efficacy for fruit and vegetable consumption and proxy efficacy for fruit and vegetable availability
Karly Scott-Hillis Geller, 2008
Consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) contributes to healthy growth and development among youth. For effective intervention development, an understanding of the underlying casual influences on ...
Evaluation of a nutrition program targeting child care centers
Kendra Elizabeth Marie Witt, 2008
Color Me Healthy (CMH) is an interactive nutrition program designed for preschool aged children in child care settings. The current study examined if CMH increases the consumption of fruit and vege...
Effect of weight control via dietary calorie restriction and treadmill exercise on lipid profile and overall gene and protein expression in mouse skin tissues
Yu Jiang, 2008
Weight control via dietary caloric restriction and/or exercise has been demonstrated for cancer prevention. However, the underlying mechanisms are not clear. Previous studies in our lab showed that...
Influences on school-age children's milk and soft drink intake
Arax Balian, 2008
Over the past decades milk intake among 6- to 11-year-olds declined 24% among boys and 32% among girls. Concomitantly, consumption of calorie and carbohydrate-rich soft drinks doubled, raising conc...
Effects of vitamin A deficiency on retinoid and energy metabolism in liver and white adipose tissue
Pierre-Jacques E. Brun, 2008
White adipose tissue (WAT) and liver play an important role in retinoid and energy metabolism. We studied certain effects of vitamin A status on white adipose tissue and liver on whole body metabol...
Chemical composition and protein antigenicity -- Almond (Prunus dulcis) and macadamia nut (Macadamia integrifolia) seeds
Erin Kelly Monaghan, 2008
Almond and macadamia nut cultivars were analyzed for physical seed characteristics, chemical composition, and protein antigenicity. The effect of environmental conditions (geographic location and h...
Skeletal muscle protein utilization and intracellular signaling events in physically active adults: The impact of an acute energy deficit and leucine intake
Stefan Michael Pasiakos, 2008
Skeletal muscle protein utilization is affected by energy balance. However, no studies have characterized the effect of energy deprivation on direct measures of skeletal muscle protein utilization....
New perspectives for understanding the developmental trajectory of metabolic syndrome and obesity
Alison K. Ventura, 2008
Developmental frameworks and person-centered approaches have the potential to broaden our understanding of the development of disease risk in children. Few studies examining the etiology of metabol...
Implementation of local wellness policy: Stakeholder perspectives
Pamela A. Wu, 2008
Problem.; The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes and perceptions of stakeholders (teachers, principals, nutrition service directors, nutrition service supervisors, school nurses, ...
Studies of the nutritional biology of two carnivores: The domestic cat and the sea otter
Alice Sawyer Green, 2008
Carnivores have several nutritional and metabolic idiosyncrasies that appear to be the result of evolutionary adaptations to a diet composed mostly of animal tissues. This dissertation research inc...
Nutrients and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women
Vanessa Anne Farrell, 2008
This dissertation's three studies investigated the short and long-term relationships of bone-related nutrient intakes with bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. This dissertation comp...
The food behavior considerations, physical activity behavior patterns, and body composition indices of adolescents in Puerto Rico
Alexander Vigo-Valentin, 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine and describe the food behavior considerations, physical activity behavior patterns, and the body composition indices of school-age adolescents living in P...
Energy metabolism and body composition following recovery from anorexia nervosa
Jocilyn Elizabeth Dellava, 2008
Anorexia Nervosa (AN) affects millions of women however, little is known about the long-term effect of AN on body composition and metabolism in those who recover from AN. In short-term recovery fro...
Anticancer activity of peach and plum extracts against human breast cancer in vitro and in vivo
Giuliana Doris Noratto Dongo, 2008
Commercial varieties of peaches and plums contain a mixture of phenolics that may possess anticancer activity. Our objectives were to evaluate extracts from a commercial variety of yellow fleshed p...
In vitro and in vivo effects of conjugated linoleic acid on breast tumorigenesis
Margaret Flowers, 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) exhibits multiple biological and molecular activities that have made it the subject of considerable nutrition-related research. Numerous studies support broad acting ...
Lycopene, selenium, vitamin E and prostate cancer
Brian L. Lindshield, 2008
Epidemiologic studies suggest that tomato and lycopene consumption and serum lycopene concentrations are inversely related to prostate cancer occurrence. The oldest, and possibly most cited potenti...
Mice lacking delta-6 desaturase provide new insight into the essentiality of highly unsaturated fatty acids
Chad Stroud, 2008
In 1929, George & Mildred Burr published the first paper detailing the requirement of dietary fat and subsequently identified two polyunsaturated fatty acids, linoleic (18:2 n-6) and α-lin...